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Abdallah J. | Abdallah Mohamed | Abdallah W. | Abdallah Sherief | Abdallah Waleed | Abdallah Naoufel Ben | Abdallah Abderazek Ben | Abdallah Saeed | Abdallah Mustafa | Abdallah Nancy

J | J G. | J S. | J Girish Raguvir | J Ganesh | J Jeya Pradha | J Metilda Sagaya Mary N | J Paul A. Schweitzer S. | J Prabuchandran K. | J Abhijit A

Search results


A study of the b-quark fragmentation function with the DELPHI detector at LEP I and an averaged distribution obtained at the Z Pole

DELPHI Collaboration , Abdallah J.
23 Feb 2011 hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/1102.4748

The nature of b-quark jet hadronisation has been investigated using data taken at the Z peak by the DELPHI detector at LEP. Two complementary methods are used to reconstruct the energy of weakly decaying b-hadrons, E^weak_B. The average value of x^weak_B = E^weak_B/E_beam is measured to be 0.699 +/- 0.011. The resulting x^weak_B distribution is then analysed in the framework of two choices for the perturbative contribution (parton shower and Next to Leading Log QCD calculation) in order to extract measurements of the non-perturbative contribution to be used in studies of b-hadron production in other experimental environments than LEP. In the parton shower framework, data favour the Lund model ansatz and corresponding values of its parameters have been determined within PYTHIA~6.156 from DELPHI data: a= 1.84^{+0.23}{-0.21} and b=0.642^{+0.073}{-0.063} GeV^-2, with a correlation factor rho = 92.2%. Combining the data on the b-quark fragmentation distributions with those obtained at the Z peak by ALEPH, OPAL and SLD, the average value of x^weak_B is found to be 0.7092 +/- 0.0025 and the non-perturbative fragmentation component is extracted. Using the combined distribution, a better determination of the Lund parameters is also obtained: a= 1.48^{+0.11}{-0.10} and b=0.509^{+0.024}{-0.023} GeV^-2, with a correlation factor rho = 92.6%.

Search for single top quark production via contact interactions at LEP2

DELPHI Collaboration , Abdallah J.
22 Feb 2011 hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/1102.4455

Single top quark production via four-fermion contact interactions associated to flavour-changing neutral currents was searched for in data taken by the DELPHI detector at LEP2. The data were accumulated at centre-of-mass energies ranging from 189 to 209 GeV, with an integrated luminosity of 598.1 pb^-1. No evidence for a signal was found. Limits on the energy scale Lambda, were set for scalar-, vector- and tensor-like coupling scenarios.

Study of the Dependence of Direct Soft Photon Production on the Jet Characteristics in Hadronic Z^0 Decays

DELPHI Collaboration , Abdallah J.
09 Apr 2010 hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/1004.1587

An analysis of the direct soft photon production rate as a function of the parent jet characteristics is presented, based on hadronic events collected by the DELPHI experiment at LEP1. The dependences of the photon rates on the jet kinematic characteristics (momentum, mass, etc.) and on the jet charged, neutral and total hadron multiplicities are reported. Up to a scale factor of about four, which characterizes the overall value of the soft photon excess, a similarity of the observed soft photon behaviour to that of the inner hadronic bremsstrahlung predictions is found for the momentum, mass, and jet charged multiplicity dependences. However for the dependence of the soft photon rate on the jet neutral and total hadron multiplicities a prominent difference is found for the observed soft photon signal as compared to the expected bremsstrahlung from final state hadrons. The observed linear increase of the soft photon production rate with the jet total hadron multiplicity and its strong dependence on the jet neutral multiplicity suggest that the rate is proportional to the number of quark pairs produced in the fragmentation process, with the neutral pairs being more effectively radiating than the charged ones.

Measurements of CP-conserving Trilinear Gauge Boson Couplings WWV (V = gamma,Z) in e+e- Collisions at LEP2

The DELPHI Collaboration , Abdallah J.
03 Feb 2010 hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/1002.0752

The data taken by DELPHI at centre-of-mass energies between 189 and 209 GeV are used to place limits on the CP-conserving trilinear gauge boson couplings Delta_g1z, lambda_gamma and Delta_kappag associated to W+W- and single W production at LEP2. Using data from the jjlv, jjjj, jjX and lX final states, where j, l and X represent a jet, a lepton and missing four-momentum, respectively, the following limits are set on the couplings when one parameter is allowed to vary and the others are set to their Standard Model values of zero: Delta_g1z = -0.025^{+0.033}{-0.030}, lambda_gamma = 0.002^{+0.035}{-0.035} and Delta_kappag = 0.024^{+0.077}_{-0.081} . Results are also presented when two or three parameters are allowed to vary. All observations are consistent with the predictions of the Standard Model and supersede the previous results on these gauge coupling parameters published by DELPHI.

Correlations between Polarisation States of W Particles in the Reaction e-e+ -> W-W+ at LEP2 Energies 189-209 GeV

The DELPHI Collaboration , Abdallah J.
07 Aug 2009 hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/0908.1023

In a study of the reaction e-e+ -> W-W+ with the DELPHI detector, the probabilities of the two W particles occurring in the joint polarisation states transverse-transverse (TT), longitudinal-transverse plus transverse-longitudinal (LT) and longitudinal-longitudinal (LL) have been determined using the final states WW -> l nu q qbar (l = e, mu). The two-particle joint polarisation probabilities, i.e. the spin density matrix elements rho_TT, rho_LT, rho_LL, are measured as functions of the W- production angle, theta_W-, at an average reaction energy of 198.2 GeV. Averaged over all cos(theta_W-), the following joint probabilities are obtained: rho_TT = (67 +/- 8)%, rho_LT = (30 +/- 8)%, rho_LL = (3 +/- 7)% . These results are in agreement with the Standard Model predictions of 63.0%, 28.9% and 8.1%, respectively. The related polarisation cross-sections sigma_TT, sigma_LT and sigma_LL are also presented.

Inclusive single-particle production in two-photon collisions at LEP II with the DELPHI detector

The DELPHI Collaboration , Abdallah J.
29 Jun 2009 hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/0906.5302

A study of the inclusive charged hadron production in two-photon collisions is described. The data were collected with the DELPHI detector at LEP II. Results on the inclusive single-particle p_T distribution and the differential charged hadrons dsigma/dp_T cross-section are presented and compared to the predictions of perturbative NLO QCD calculations and to published results.

A Study of b bbar Production in e+e- Collisions at sqrt(s) = 130-207 GeV

DELPHI Collaboration , Abdallah J.
28 Jan 2009 hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/0901.4461

Measurements are presented of R_b, the ratio of the b bbar cross-section to the q qbar cross-section in e+e- collisions, and the forward-backward asymmetry A^b_FB at twelve energy points in the range sqrt(s) = 130-207 GeV. These results are found to be consistent with the Standard Model expectations. The measurements are used to set limits on new physics scenarios involving contact interactions.

Search for one large extra dimension with the DELPHI detector at LEP

DELPHI Collaboration , Abdallah J.
28 Jan 2009 hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/0901.4486

Single photons detected by the DELPHI experiment at LEP2 in the years 1997-2000 are reanalysed to investigate the existence of a single extra dimension in a modified ADD scenario with slightly warped large extra dimensions. The data collected at centre-of-mass energies between 180 and 209 GeV for an integrated luminosity of ~650 pb^{-1} agree with the predictions of the Standard Model and allow a limit to be set on graviton emission in one large extra dimension. The limit obtained on the fundamental mass scale M_D is 1.69 TeV/c^2 at 95% CL, with an expected limit of 1.71 TeV/c^2.

Di-jet production in gamma-gamma collisions at LEP2

The DELPHI Collaboration , Abdallah J.
28 Jan 2009 hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/0901.4500

The production of two high-p_T jets in the interactions of quasi-real photons in e+e- collisions at sqrt{s_ee} from 189 GeV to 209 GeV is studied with data corresponding to an integrated e+e- luminosity of 550 pb^{-1}. The jets reconstructed by the k_T cluster algorithm are defined within the pseudo-rapidity range -1 < eta < 1 and with jet transverse momentum, p_T, above 3 GeV/c. The differential di-jet cross-section is measured as a function of the mean transverse momentum ptmean of the jets and is compared to perturbative QCD calculations.

Observation of the Muon Inner Bremsstrahlung at LEP1

The DELPHI Collaboration , Abdallah J.
28 Jan 2009 hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/0901.4488

Muon bremsstrahlung photons converted in front of the DELPHI main tracker (TPC) in dimuon events at LEP1 were studied in two photon kinematic ranges: 0.2 < E_gamma <= 1 GeV and transverse momentum with respect to the parent muon p_T < 40 MeV/c, and 1 < E_gamma <= 10 GeV and p_T < 80 MeV/c . A good agreement of the observed photon rate with predictions from QED for the muon inner bremsstrahlung was found, contrary to the anomalous soft photon excess that has been observed recently in hadronic Z^0 decays. The obtained ratios of the observed signal to the predicted level of the muon bremsstrahlung are 1.06 +/- 0.12 +/- 0.07 in the photon energy range 0.2 < E_gamma <= 1 GeV and 1.04 +/- 0.09 +/- 0.12 in the photon energy range 1 < E_gamma <= 10 GeV. The bremsstrahlung dead cone is observed for the first time in the direct photon production at LEP.