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Sánchez E. | Sánchez A. Martín | Sánchez S. F. | Sánchez F. | Sánchez M. Calderón de la Barca | Sanchez David | Sanchez D. A. | Sanchez Angel | Sanchez E. J. | Sánchez Ariel G.

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Miguel Maxi San | Miguel M. San | Miguel Yamila | Miguel M. -Carmen | Miguel Ian | Miguel Antonio | Miguel Y. | Miguel A. San | Miguel Alfonso San | Miguel C.

A | A Gustavo Bruzual | A Dang Quang | A Krishna Chaitanya | A Lazarian | A Germina K | A M. | A Pranav | A Antony Franklin | A Azeef Muhammed P

Search results

Cherenkov Telescope Array sensitivity to branon dark matter models

Aguirre-Santaella Alejandra, Gammaldi Viviana, , Nieto Daniel
30 Jun 2020 astro-ph.HE astro-ph.CO arxiv.org/abs/2006.16706

In the absence of a clear hint of dark matter (DM) signals in the GeV regime so far, heavy, $\mathcal{O}$(TeV) DM candidates are gradually earning more and more attention within the community. Among others, extra-dimensional \textit{brane-world} models may produce thermal DM candidates with masses up to 100 TeV. These heavy DM candidates could be detected with the next generation of very-high-energy gamma-ray observatories such as the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). In this work, we study the sensitivity of CTA to branon DM via the observation of representative astrophysical DM targets, namely dwarf spheroidal galaxies. In particular, we focus on Draco and Sculptor, two well-known dwarfs visible from the Northern and Southern Hemisphere, respectively. For each of these targets, we simulated 300\,h of CTA observations and studied the sensitivity of both CTA-North and CTA-South to branon annihilations using the latest publicly available instrument response functions and most recent analysis tools. We computed annihilation cross section values needed to reach a $5\sigma$ detection as a function of the branon mass. Additionally, in the absence of a predicted DM signal, we obtained $2\sigma$ upper limits on the annihilation cross section. These limits lie $1.5-2$ orders of magnitude above the thermal relic cross section value, depending on the considered branon mass. Yet, CTA will allow to exclude a significant portion of the brane tension-mass parameter space in the $0.1-60$ TeV branon mass range, and up to tensions of $\sim 10$ TeV. More importantly, CTA will significantly enlarge the region already excluded by AMS and CMS, and will provide valuable complementary information to future SKA radio observations. We conclude that CTA will possess potential to constrain brane-world models and, more in general, TeV DM candidates.

Constraints to dark matter annihilation from high-latitude HAWC unidentified sources

Coronado-Blazquez Javier, Sanchez-Conde Miguel A.
08 Jan 2020 astro-ph.HE astro-ph.CO arxiv.org/abs/2001.02536

The $\Lambda$CDM cosmological framework predicts the existence of thousands of subhalos in our own Galaxy not massive enough to retain baryons and become visible. Yet, some of them may shine in gamma rays provided that the dark matter (DM) is made of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), that would self-annihilate and would appear as unidentified gamma-ray sources (unIDs) in gamma-ray catalogs. Indeed, unIDs have proven to be competitive targets for DM searches with gamma rays. In this work, we focus on the three high-latitude ($|b|\geq 10^\circ$) sources present in the 2HWC catalog of the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) observatory with no associations at other wavelenghts. Indeed, only one of these sources, 2HWC J1040+308, is found to be above the HAWC detection threshold when considering 760 days of data, a factor 1.5 more exposure time than in the original 2HWC catalog. Other instruments such as Fermi-LAT or VERITAS at lower energies do not detect this source. Also, this unID is reported as spatially extended, making it even more interesting in a DM search context. While waiting for more data that may shed further light on the nature of this source, we set competitive upper limits on the annihilation cross section by comparing this HAWC unID to expectations based on state-of-the-art N-body cosmological simulations of the Galactic subhalo population. We find these constraints to be particularly competitive for heavy WIMPs, i.e., masses above $\sim 25$ (40) TeV in the case of the $b\bar{b}$ ($\tau^+\tau^-$) annihilation channel, reaching velocity-averaged cross section values of $2\cdot10^{-25}$ ($5\cdot10^{-25}$) $cm^3s^{-1}$. Although far from the thermal relic cross section value, the obtained limits are independent and nicely complementary to those from radically different DM analyses and targets, demonstrating again the high potential of this DM search approach.

Spectral and spatial analysis of the dark matter subhalo candidates among Fermi Large Area Telescope unidentified sources

, , Di Mauro Mattia, Aguirre-Santaella Alejandra, Ciuc? Ioana, , Kawata Daisuke,
31 Oct 2019 astro-ph.HE astro-ph.CO arxiv.org/abs/1910.14429

Fermi-LAT unidentified sources (unIDs) have proven to be compelling targets for performing indirect dark matter (DM) searches. In a previous work, we found that among the 1235 unIDs in Fermi-LAT catalogs (3FGL, 2FHL and 3FHL) only 44 of those are DM subhalos candidates. We now implement a spectral analysis to test whether these remaining sources are compatible or not with DM origin. This analysis is executed using almost 10 years of Pass 8 Fermi-LAT data. None of the unIDs are found to significantly prefer DM-induced emission compared to other, more conventional, astrophysical sources. In order to discriminate between pulsar and DM sources, we developed a new method which is based on the source's spectral curvature, peak energy, and its detection significance. We also look for spatial extension, which may be a hint for a DM origin according to our N-body simulation studies of the subhalo population. In addition, we used Gaia DR2 data to search for a potential stellar counterpart to our best DM subhalo candidates and, although no firm associations could be found, one of them coincides with the Sagittarius stream. Finally, previous constraints on the DM annihilation cross section are updated with the new number of remaining DM subhalo candidates among unIDs. Our limits now rule out canonical thermal WIMPs up to masses of 10 GeV for $b\bar{b}$ and 20 GeV for $\tau^+\tau^-$ annihilation channels, in this way being as sensitive and complementary to those obtained from other targets and probes.

Properties of subhalos in the interacting dark matter scenario

, Schewtschenko Jascha A., , Aguirre-Santaella Alejandra, , Abadi Mario G.
29 Jul 2019 astro-ph.CO arxiv.org/abs/1907.12531

One possible and natural derivation from the collisionless cold dark matter (CDM) standard cosmological framework is the assumption of the existence of interactions between dark matter (DM) and photons or neutrinos. Such possible interacting dark matter (IDM) model would imply a suppression of small-scale structures due to a large collisional damping effect, even though the weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) can still be the DM candidate. Because of this, IDM models can help alleviate alleged tensions between standard CDM predictions and observations at small mass scales. In this work, we investigate the properties of DM halo substructure or subhalos formed in a high-resolution cosmological N-body simulation specifically run within these alternative models. We also run its CDM counterpart, which allowed us to compare subhalo properties in both cosmologies. We show that, in the lower mass range covered by our simulation runs, both subhalo concentrations and abundances are systematically lower in IDM compared to the CDM scenario. Yet, as in CDM, we find that median IDM subhalo concentration values increase towards the innermost regions of their hosts for same mass subhalos. Also similarly to CDM, we find IDM subhalos to be more concentrated than field halos of the same mass. Our work has a direct application on studies aimed at the indirect detection of DM where subhalos are expected to boost the DM signal of their host halos significantly. From our results, we conclude that the role of halo substructure in DM searches will be less important in interacting scenarios than in CDM, but is nevertheless far from being negligible.

All-sky Medium Energy Gamma-ray Observatory: Exploring the Extreme Multimessenger Universe

McEnery Julie, Barrio Juan Abel, Agudo Ivan, Ajello Marco, , Ansoldi Stefano, Anton Sonia, Auricchio Natalia, Stephen John B., Baldini Luca
17 Jul 2019 astro-ph.IM astro-ph.HE arxiv.org/abs/1907.07558

The All-sky Medium Energy Gamma-ray Observatory (AMEGO) is a probe class mission concept that will provide essential contributions to multimessenger astrophysics in the late 2020s and beyond. AMEGO combines high sensitivity in the 200 keV to 10 GeV energy range with a wide field of view, good spectral resolution, and polarization sensitivity. Therefore, AMEGO is key in the study of multimessenger astrophysical objects that have unique signatures in the gamma-ray regime, such as neutron star mergers, supernovae, and flaring active galactic nuclei. The order-of-magnitude improvement compared to previous MeV missions also enables discoveries of a wide range of phenomena whose energy output peaks in the relatively unexplored medium-energy gamma-ray band.

Unidentified Gamma-ray Sources as Targets for Indirect Dark Matter Detection with the Fermi-Large Area Telescope

Coronado-Blazquez Javier, Sanchez-Conde Miguel A., Dominguez Alberto, Aguirre-Santaella Alejandra, Di Mauro Mattia, Mirabal Nestor, Nieto Daniel, Charles Eric
27 Jun 2019 astro-ph.HE astro-ph.CO arxiv.org/abs/1906.11896

One of the predictions of the $\Lambda$CDM cosmological framework is the hierarchical formation of structure, giving rise to dark matter (DM) halos and subhalos. When the latter are massive enough they retain gas (i.e., baryons) and become visible. This is the case of the dwarf satellite galaxies in the Milky Way (MW). Below a certain mass, halos may not accumulate significant amounts of baryons and remain completely dark. However, if DM particles are Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs), we expect them to annihilate in subhalos, producing gamma rays which can be detected with the Fermi satellite. Using the three most recent point-source Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) catalogs (3FGL, 2FHL and 3FHL), we search for DM subhalo candidates among the unidentified sources, i.e., sources with no firm association to a known astrophysical object. We apply several selection criteria based on the expected properties of the DM-induced emission from subhalos, which allow us to significantly reduce the list of potential candidates. Then, by characterizing the minimum detection flux of the instrument and comparing our sample to predictions from the Via Lactea II (VL-II) N-body cosmological simulation, we place conservative and robust constraints on the $\langle\sigma v\rangle-m_{DM}$ parameter space. For annihilation via the $\tau^+\tau^-$ channel, we put an upper limit of $4\times 10^{-26}~(5\times 10^{-25})~cm^3~s^{-1}$ for a mass of 10 (100) GeV. A critical improvement over previous treatments is the repopulation we made to include low-mass subhalos below the VL-II mass resolution. With more advanced subhalo candidate filtering the sensitivity reach of our method can potentially improve these constraints by a factor 3 (2) for $\tau^+\tau^-$ ($b \bar{b}$) channel.

Dark Matter Science in the Era of LSST

Bechtol Keith, Drlica-Wagner Alex, Abazajian Kevork N., Abidi Muntazir, Adhikari Susmita, , Annis James, Ansarinejad Behzad, Armstrong Robert, Asorey Jacobo
11 Mar 2019 astro-ph.CO astro-ph.HE hep-ex arxiv.org/abs/1903.04425

Astrophysical observations currently provide the only robust, empirical measurements of dark matter. In the coming decade, astrophysical observations will guide other experimental efforts, while simultaneously probing unique regions of dark matter parameter space. This white paper summarizes astrophysical observations that can constrain the fundamental physics of dark matter in the era of LSST. We describe how astrophysical observations will inform our understanding of the fundamental properties of dark matter, such as particle mass, self-interaction strength, non-gravitational interactions with the Standard Model, and compact object abundances. Additionally, we highlight theoretical work and experimental/observational facilities that will complement LSST to strengthen our understanding of the fundamental characteristics of dark matter.

Probing the Fundamental Nature of Dark Matter with the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope

Drlica-Wagner Alex, Mao Yao-Yuan, Adhikari Susmita, Armstrong Robert, Banerjee Arka, Banik Nilanjan, Bechtol Keith, Bird Simeon, Boddy Kimberly K., Bonaca Ana
04 Feb 2019 astro-ph.CO astro-ph.GA astro-ph.HE hep-ex hep-ph arxiv.org/abs/1902.01055

Astrophysical and cosmological observations currently provide the only robust, empirical measurements of dark matter. Future observations with Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will provide necessary guidance for the experimental dark matter program. This white paper represents a community effort to summarize the science case for studying the fundamental physics of dark matter with LSST. We discuss how LSST will inform our understanding of the fundamental properties of dark matter, such as particle mass, self-interaction strength, non-gravitational couplings to the Standard Model, and compact object abundances. Additionally, we discuss the ways that LSST will complement other experiments to strengthen our understanding of the fundamental characteristics of dark matter. More information on the LSST dark matter effort can be found at https://lsstdarkmatter.github.io/ .

Cherenkov telescope array extragalactic survey discovery potential and the impact of axion-like particles and secondary gamma rays

De Franco Andrea, Inoue Yoshiyuki, , Cotter Garret
02 Jul 2017 astro-ph.IM astro-ph.HE arxiv.org/abs/1707.00250

The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is about to enter construction phase and one of its main key science projects is to perform an unbiased survey in search of extragalactic sources. We make use of both the latest blazar gamma--ray luminosity function and spectral energy distribution to derive the expected number of detectable sources for both the planned Northern and Southern arrays of the CTA observatory. We find that a shallow, wide survey of about 0.5 hour per field of view would lead to the highest number of blazar detections. Furthermore, we investigate the effect of axion-like particles and secondary gamma rays from propagating cosmic rays on the source count distribution, since these processes predict different spectral shape from standard extragalactic background light attenuation. We can generally expect more distant objects in the secondary gamma-ray scenario, while axion-like particles do not significantly alter the expected distribution. Yet, we find that, these results strongly depend on the assumed magnetic field strength during the propagation. We also provide source count predictions for the High Altitude Water Cherenkov observatory (HAWC), the Large High Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO) and a novel proposal of a hybrid detector.

Sensitivity of the Cherenkov Telescope Array to the detection of a dark matter signal in comparison to direct detection and collider experiments

, Conrad Jan, Farmer Ben, Jacques Thomas, Li Tong, Meyer Manuel, Queiroz Farinaldo S.,
05 Jun 2017 astro-ph.HE hep-ph arxiv.org/abs/1706.01505

Imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs) that are sensitive to potential $\gamma$-ray signals from dark matter (DM) annihilation above $\sim50$ GeV will soon be superseded by the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). CTA will have a point source sensitivity an order of magnitude better than currently operating IACTs and will cover a broad energy range between 20 GeV and 300 TeV. Using effective field theory and simplified models to calculate $\gamma$-ray spectra resulting from DM annihilation, we compare the prospects to constrain such models with CTA observations of the Galactic center with current and near-future measurements at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and direct detection experiments. For DM annihilations via vector or pseudoscalar couplings, CTA observations will be able to probe DM models out of reach of the LHC, and, if DM is coupled to standard fermions by a pseudoscalar particle, beyond the limits of current direct detection experiments.